Throat Cancer Treatment With Advanced Therapies
Being diagnosed with throat cancer can make any patient feel a bit jittery and nervous. But given the advancements in medical science today,there are numerous treatment options available for the patient.
In today’s blog, we will take a look at the options for throat cancer treatment, based on the stage of the disease and other relevant factors. Let’s break this down into a straightforward and easily digestible format.
How is Throat Cancer Identified?
Identifying throat cancer early on is the key to increasing the chances of successful treatment. Here’s how it’s generally done:
Firstly, doctors usually perform a biopsy to detect throat cancer. In this procedure, a small tissue sample from your throat is removed to check for cancer cells under a microscope.
It’s a crucial first step in determining whether cancer is present and, if so, what type it is.
To understand how far the cancer has spread, a PET/CT scan is done. This scanning process gives a detailed image of your internal structures, helping the throat cancer surgeons in Mumbai to pinpoint the exact location and stage of the cancer.
Determining the stage is vital because it dictates the course of treatment.
Can Throat Cancer in the Voice Box be Cured?
When throat cancer affects the voice box or larynx, it certainly raises concerns. The good news is it can be cured, especially if throat cancer is detected at an early stage. Let’s delve into the available treatments:
Chemotherapy: This involves the use of strong medications to kill cancer cells. It can be used as the main treatment or in conjunction with other treatments.
Radiation Therapy: In cases of early-stage throat cancer (T1 and T2), where the cancer hasn’t spread to neck nodes, radiation therapy can be effective. This therapy uses high-energy rays to target and kill cancer cells. Typically, a six-week course of fixed-dose radiation therapy can lead to a complete cure.
Early intervention is your best ally. If you find yourself in the initial stages of throat cancer, it is entirely possible to eradicate the disease with careful and systematic treatment.
Is it Possible to Treat Advanced Throat Cancer?
Yes, treating advanced throat cancer is definitely a possibility. But it all depends on to what extent the infection has spread. Here’s how it usually goes:
In more advanced stages of throat cancer (T3, T4, and N1), surgery stands as a significant option. During this surgery, affected parts of the throat, and sometimes surrounding areas, are removed to halt the spread of cancer.
It is followed by other treatments like radiation or chemotherapy to ensure that no cancerous cells remain.
Also, Read- Is Throat Cancer Curable?
What is the Treatment for Throat Cancer in the Right and Left Voice Boxes?
Treating cancer that affects either the right or left voice boxes can be quite intricate. Here’s what usually happens:
If cancer is localized to one-half of your voice box, a procedure known as hemilaryngectomy might be performed. During this surgery, the affected half of the voice box is removed, helping to preserve some vocal function.
In more severe cases where both the voice box and surrounding structures like the thyroid gland and cartilage are involved, a more extensive surgery might be necessary.
This could mean the removal of the entire voice box along with the affected thyroid gland and cartilage to prevent the spread of cancer.
While this might sound daunting, please remember that medical advancements have come a long way, and many patients go on to live fulfilling lives after such surgeries, with rehabilitative therapies helping them regain their speech and normal functionalities.
Understanding your treatment options for throat cancer doesn’t have to be a complex process.
Remember, early detection is key, and there are a variety of treatment pathways available, ranging from chemotherapy and radiation to surgery, depending on the stage and location of the cancer.
Always consult with your throat cancer surgeon in Mumbai to determine the best course of action for your individual case.
Take this journey one step at a time, and don’t hesitate to reach out for support and information as you navigate the road to recovery.
Dr. Amit Chakraborty
Dr. Amit Chakraborty is a Surgical Oncologist in Girgaon, Mumbai and has an experience of 15 years in this field. He is a well known cancer specialist with an expertise in diagnosing and treating head and neck cancer.